Agendas and Minutes

City Council (View All)

Study Session

Monday, March 31, 2014

Monday, March 31, 2014
Siskiyou Room, 51 Winburn Way

Mayor Stromberg called the meeting to order at 5:34 p.m. in the Siskiyou Room. 
Councilor Voisin, Rosenthal, Morris, Slattery, Marsh, and Lemhouse were present.
1.     Look Ahead review
City Administrator Dave Kanner reviewed items on the Look Ahead. 
2.     Response to Council follow-up questions regarding Cost of Service and Rate Design Study for Electric Utility
Electric/IT Director Mark Holden, Electric Distribution System Manager Warren DiNapoli, and Mark Beauchamp president of Utility Financial Solutions provided a presentation that reviewed the Five Year Financial Projection and Cost of Service Results:
Projection Summary - No Rate Changes 
The study focused on three targets, one was the Debt Coverage Ratio.  The City needed to maintain 1.20 coverage and generate 20% more in cash than the debt service payment.  Electric sales were weather dependent so the consultant added a safety factor that increased it from 1.20 to 1.40.  The City needed to stay above that minimal level.  Without a rate adjustment, the debt coverage ratio would go negative by 2016.  The second target was the Projected Cash Balances currently at $1,920,118 with a minimum target in 2014 at approximately $2,150,511.  The projected cash balance would turn negative by 2017 without rate adjustments. 
The third target was Adjusted Operating Income.  The City needed an adjusted operating income of $530,000 and the table showed the City operated in the negative every year without a rate adjustment.  In the Adjusted Operating Income, the City would try to recover an inflationary increase in the assets replacement cost so current ratepayers paid for the infrastructure they used and consumed.  The depreciation expense and a rate of return would become the break-even target.  The City’s rate of return was 5%-6%.  The adjusted operating income for industrial utilities was set up differently with a 10%-10.5% rate of return target and a certain amount of dividends that went back to the shareholders.  The City needed funds to cover the time when bills were paid and customers made payments, to ensure there was enough cash in reserve to fund capital improvement programs and if a catastrophic event occurred, there was enough in reserves to start the replace and repair process until adequate financing became available.  Industrial utilities built up cash for reinvesting.  Mr. Beauchamp clarified the comparison between industrial and municipally owned utilities answered question #2 on the City Council Follow-Up Questions.
Projection Summary - Proposed Rate Changes
The City’s utility was relatively debt free and the debt ratio exceeded minimum targets.  Projected Cash Balances would maintain minimum levels for cash through 2016 build slightly in 2017 and reach $3,000,000 in 2018.  The Adjusted Operating Income worked towards achieving the $530,000 that would happen by 2018 with annually adjusted rates. Mr. Beauchamp clarified the 3.5% rate increase would go towards stabilizing cash reserves.  The recommended target for 2014 was $2,150,511.  Subsequent rate adjustments would address maintaining and improving cash reserves and move towards the operating income targets.  The debt coverage ratio was not an issue unless it failed.
The 1.40 calculation added the net income of the electric utility, the depreciation expense, and the interest expense to get the cash generated from operations.  They divided that amount by the debt service payment to achieve the coverage ratio in the bond ordinance.
COS Results by Rate Class
The COS study was completed prior to the 5.3% rate adjustment for 2014.  The table showed the difference of revenue projected by each rate class and costs to provide service to each class after the rate adjustment.  Most of the rates were close.  The COS study identified the cost of providing the service by rate class, achieved the 3.5% rate increase overall, and applied different rate increases to rate classes. 
Revenue requirements established how customers used different classes and power from Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and who contributed to peak demands.   This data was used to allocate BPA costs to customer classes.  The distribution system was built to handle peak demand created by customer classes.  Overall, the study established 40 allocation factors that included items like how long it took to read a meter.

  1. Is there anything in the literature/state of the art that argues against the cost of service model?  What about a modified cost of service system (i.e. with some users essentially subsidized)?
There was no literature that argued against COS.  Cost of service was only one component to designing rates for customers.  Council could add other factors.
  1. Do the recommended revenue requirements (debt coverage, minimum cash reserves operating revenue, etc.) vary between private utilities and municipally owned systems?  Is there any question that these are appropriate revenue requirements for us?
Answered earlier in the discussion.
  1. There are two pieces here:  first, recommendations regarding the revenue requirements; second a suggestion that we pursue a cost of service approach to address the revenue requirements.  If we accepted the revenue requirements but did not institute a cost of service approach, what would the resultant increases look like?
If Council established a 3.5% increase across the board for 2015, it would address the revenue requirements but not move towards cost of service.
  1. Does the COS model adjust in any way for the fact that government/municipal customers don’t pay the electric user tax?
The Electric User Tax (EUT) would not affect the cost of service results. The City would have to determine how government facilities factored in the rate design since they paid higher rates instead of paying EUT.
  1. How does the COS incorporate taxes and franchise fees?  I'm paying for electric power.  It is a service.  How does a tax/fee for the general fund fit into the cost of service calculations?
The franchise fees were payments in lieu of tax made to the City incorporated as part of the revenue requirements.  Everyone would pay for that because it was part of the operating expenses of the electric utility.  Electric power was a service not a tax, was rate based and typically not funded through taxes.
  1. How does COS explain the service provided by the base fee?
The base fee was fixed costs that related to infrastructure invested and maintained directly for that customer.
  1. This is a major policy shift from the past.  We will no longer be subsidizing the residential customers with the commercial accounts, which mean the base rates will be higher resulting in a little less value for conserving electricity and higher rates for the low income.
Low-income users tended to be higher than average users.  Council could add $1.50 to the customer charge, not increase the first block of the two-tiered structure and put the remainder in the second block increasing the spread between blocks.  It would increase revenue stability and improve the differential.
  1. A future study needs to be done to evaluate the efficiency of our electric utility, and all utilities and divisions for that matter.  Since we actually have a monopoly of sorts there needs to be confidence that we are as efficient as possible.
BPA had a ratio survey for guidance in areas the City may want to look at for efficiencies.  Additionally, other agencies could assist in finding efficiencies as well.
  1. It would still be nice to see how our fixed costs, not related to Kw, compare to other utilities.  As I said earlier “the costs per meter.”
The overall cost of the meter without the energy for typical residential was $12-$15 per month.  The City charged approximately $11.50.  Historically utilities undercharged that component and rolled it into the energy cost.  Many utilities were in the process of raising those levels to where they should be to increase and improve the financial stability of the utility.
  1. Part of the data uses Kw and part uses Kwh.  Is that actually how we bill different customers?  Can the numbers be normalized?
The City billed some customers on Kw and Kwh, billing both was ideal.  However due to complications with consumption meters it was not cost effective.
  1. Since government entities cannot be taxed, is it possible that the base rates or the other charges be increased to cover the difference?  If not, then they are getting quite the volume discount which goes against our current policy of increased rates for higher usage.

Council could choose to raise the base rates to cover the difference.  The declining block charge for municipal and an inclining for residential was unusual.  Typically, there was a flat rate for commercial.
Councilor Voisin left the meeting at 7:03 p.m.
Council wanted more information on the rate structure, impact on conservation and the methodology to construct the conservation charge, subsidies and whether some cross subsidies were legitimate, the amount government would pay to make up for EUT, and information on the projected cash balance.  Council requested a review of the original rates and the reasoning behind each one as well as a review of various cost factors.  Council also wanted information to establish a demand charge for solar.
Mr. Holden would provide an analysis of current rates and the COS study rates.  The analysis would include subsidies in the current rates and the rationale behind each one and compare them to the COS study.  Staff would work on a rate structure that provided the aggregate overall rate increase needed to stay healthy as well as provide information on the basic components of what went into the rate increase.  Council would use that information to adjust various rates and structural elements if needed and ensure they maintained the 3%-3.5% revenue increase.
Meeting adjourned at 7:44 p.m.
Respectfully submitted,                                
Dana Smith
Assistant to the City Recorder

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